Characteristics of Fischer-Tropsch Wax and Paraffin Wax and how to Distinguish them
In order to help netizens solve the related problems of "What's the difference between Fischer-Tropsch wax and paraffin wax?", today we will take you to know about the relevant solutions.
Wax is an ester formed by macromolecule monoalcohols and long chain fatty acids, in which a small amount of free higher fatty acids, higher alcohols and higher hydrocarbons exist simultaneously. For example, the main component of white wax in China is wax ester; the main component of beeswax is palmitate beeswax ester. It mainly exists in plant epidermis, nests made by bees and other insects, seed capsules and furs of various animals. At room temperature, it presents a lustrous solid with inactive chemical properties, which is more stable than grease, is difficult to be saponified, is not easy to be oxidized in the air, and is not easy to deteriorate.
Fischer-Tropsch wax can be divided into animal wax (such as insect wax, whale wax, etc.), plant wax (such as rice sugar wax, sugarcane wax, etc.) and mineral wax (such as lignite wax). Wax is widely used in the manufacture of leather oil, floor wax, polishing wax, ointment, candles, wax paper and wax patterns. Paraffin wax is a kind of mineral wax and also a kind of petroleum wax. It is a kind of material obtained by freezing or solvent dewaxing of petroleum fractions, then deoiling and refining. It can be divided into crude paraffin, semi-refined and fully refined paraffin, edible paraffin and so on. It is used to manufacture candles, matches, electrical insulation materials, high fatty acids and alcohols, etc. As the resources of animal wax and plant wax become more and more scarce, most candles nowadays are made of paraffin wax. When paraffin wax is heated, it has the characteristics of melting, lighting, smoking and exothermic.